The Military Medal (MM) was instituted in 1916 during the First World War. It was awarded to non commissioned officers and other ranks of the Army for acts of bravery for which the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) was not considered appropriate. Over 2500 MMs have been awarded to New Zealanders, the most recent being in Vietnam.
In 1999 the MM was replaced in New Zealand by the New Zealand Gallantry Decoration. 1